How manage different countries their energy generation, and what are the consequences for nature? More you can read here:
It’s early in the morning. Most people are drowsy after they woke up and head first in the direction of the coffee machine. No wonder!
Often our days are eventful and energy-rending. Automatically, we press the ON/OFF button to get the energy we need to start powerfully.
But where does our electricity actually come from, and what energy sources do the different countries of this world use
This Info graphic answers those questions:
We start with a… like atomic energy. France is one of the world’s countries to cover its energy needs, in part, by nuclear energy. The reason for this is above all the high and relatively inexpensive electricity production, a high energy density and the low carbon footprint.
So-called super-Gaus like Chernobyl and Fukushima, however, throw a rather poor light on this energy type. Because of the high risks associated with nuclear fission and the unresolved disposal of radioactive waste, this option is not an optimal solution for many people.
If something unexpected happens, many generations are affected by the radiant heritage. Therefore, france aims that in the year 2030, at least 40% Energy needs are covered by renewable energy.
Fossil energy sources
Coal and energy
China is known for its need and the production of large quantities. No matter whether people, clothing or energy, in China you think in larger dimensions. That is why the country is putting coal on the energy production.
There is still relatively much of the tried raw material, but in 200 Years, this situation could be quite different. Then the finite resource is exhausted, and if we reach this scenario, our environment as well. With the worst carbon footprint, this energy carrier is the forerunner in terms of environmental pollution.
Even petroleum and natural gas have a lower carbon footprint and have less impact on the global greenhouse effect. With the development of renewable energy china now has other possibilities to handle its energy needs.
Gas and energy
The United States. A land with infinite possibilities, where dreams come true and resources find their eternal expanse. One commonality of all fossil energy sources is the finiteness which they are subject to.
Fracking is a method to gain natural gas, and especially America is known for this type of energy production. With the lowest CO2 emissions among fossil energy sources, it has gained importance in recent years.
But each medal has 2 sides and so does the natural gas extraction. Especially at fracking, environmentally damaging chemicals are pumped into the deepest depths of the earth to transport the raw material to the surface. Groundwater is polluted and habitats are destroyed.
Even financially, natural gas is not very profitable as an energy carrier. As it depends very much on the oil price, which goes up and down, like on a roller coaster.
Oil and energy:
In the course of history it was also, almost affectionately, called the „Black Gold“.
Russia and Arab countries are earning enormous sums of money with this raw material, even if Oil is related to numerous fluctuations. Endless wars are waged on the basis of this resource.
Oil is suitable for heat, electricity and fuel, has been used for more than 2000 Years and has a very high energy density. In about 40 years, it could be over to make money with this ressource.
Then not only producers but also consumers need to look for alternatives. Someone who cares about the environment, is aware of going alternative earlier.
More and more European countries are trying to on the back of conventional energy sources.
However, due to the availability of a particular resource, this is not always possible. For Iceland it is, because of its incomparable conditions, this country manages to generate electricity to 100% by means of renewable energy.
Geothermal Is the strength of Iceland. Here the untapped potential of this energy carrier has been recognized early on.
Energy is therefore available regardless of weather and time of day, has a good carbon footprint and is also suitable for heat production.
At the beginning of the opening of the two holes, and the drilling tower, higher costs can be incurred. However, once you have found the access to the hot source and promoted it to the top, this method is profitable for the respective country.
Norway is another country that can cover the energy needs of one’s own country, and also beyond its borders, independently of fossil energy. Hydro Power here is the cue.
Once the power plants have been built, the operating costs should be very low. Other advantages are high storage capacity and almost no pollutant emissions during operation. However, hydropower plants intervene in the habitat of the species-rich water inhabitants and disturb them.
Wind and Sun:
Wind and solar energy are also among the energy sources that can have a good carbon footprint. Both methods have a lot of untapped potential to be used.
Especially in the sea, more and more windmills are being mounted, and th
e particularly strong wind is used there. Showing off-shore wind farms as in England.
There is also no shortage of solar energy, and at the moment the potential is not yet nearly exhausted. Both forms of energy ar
e initially associated with relatively high costs, which are reduced after a certain amount of time, and therefore energy costs almost nothing.
But the prices for the acquisition are already falling and China is taking over the market. A disadvantage is the dependence on fluctuations, since wind and sun are not always available to the same extent, but also for this problem one is already looking for a solution.
A drastic increase in the world population has already been predicted. These and worldwide rising living standards are reasons for a higher energy demand.
Fossil energy sources are finite, and nuclear power is often associated with fatal risks. In addition, these tried energy sources have an enormous impact on the environment.
The expansion and improvement of renewable energy systems, as well as an economical and efficient use of energy, seems inevitable. The good news is, we’re on our way